This session we went trough the brief for the module Practical arts of editing and post production. Reflection on editing theory on our blogs. A personal creative project 1-2 minutes long, which is a film that I have contributed in some way and edited it. We are also aloud to find video’s from archive.org for material use. Fairly legal witch is a scene that we will have to edit, showing different camera shots and keeping the scene understandable and more attractive to watch. Then delicious piece which is a 2 minute’s film that shows the process of coffee production, that shows farmers coming together to produce this. For both Fairly legal and Delicious piece we were given lots of footage for us to use and edit onto premier pro for our projects.
Next we went onto finding out about the book Grammar of editing by Roy Thompson, which is all about how to edit and how to make the right decisions when editing. I will be reading this and writing up useful information that I have found that could help me on my project.
Our tutor started explaining the rules about editing, with how that humans attention can last up to at least 7 seconds meaning that you’d have to change the camera angle to keep them interested with what is going on. I found out that style is a substance when dealing with a visual medium which is a reason to cut. You want to see the person talking, so you get the feel that you are there, if the audience does not feel this the illusion for the film will be ruined and the audience wouldn’t want to carry on watching. We then moved on to look at shot composition which is important in editing.
-Cutting to an acceptable composition
-Use the best material at the right moments
-Bad composition can confuse the audience
-Make sure the camera footage is professional and not jolting.
I then learnt about the different camera shot types there are, which can add power and allow the audience to see the actors reaction. Seeing the reaction on someone will allow the audience to understand how they are feeling, and seeing how much power someone has enables to audience to learn more things about the story, which allows them to gain a stronger knowledge on what is going on in the footage.
Types of Camera Shots
Extreme close up shot: Getting a closer shot can see fear and other emotions that the audience will be able to see
Big Close up: See’s the reaction on someone’s face, seeing how they are feeling
Close up: A close up can be for a quick reaction
Middle Close: See a reaction and also allows us to see anything else on the footage
Medium Shot: Allows us to see who is talking and where things are in the scene
Mid Long Shot: Seeing multiple objects or people
Long Shot: Seeing what is around the people and seeing if anything they don’t expect
Very Long Shot: Seeing what is happening else where in the scene
Extreme Long Shot: Seeing around a large area to understand where the scene is
Mid 2 Shot: Seeing what someone is doing
Over Shoulder shot: Getting a feel that you are there and can create the sense that someone is talking to you
Things to consider while editing
Sound: it allows about understanding people it keeps people’s attention because sound processes better to the human brain than an image, because you can understand what is going on with sound other than images just showing movement. You can hear a conversation and know what is happening where as image will just allow you just to see people talking.
Keep simple sounds, don’t want it to over work people and confuse the audience.
Was a French film director who died in 1999. He was known for his work on film’s. His work could be identified by the use of sound that he had delivered through his work, it was his style and way of working that captured people’s attention through the work he had done in films. Alot of people referred him to be as one for the greatest film-makers. He believed that the use of sound was more important then the sight of images. “The eye solicited alone makes the ear impatient, the ear solicited alone makes the eye impatient. Use these impatiences. Power of the cinematographer who appeals to the two senses in a governable way. Against the tactics of speed, of noise, set tactics of slowness, of silence.” Quote: Robert Bresson.
180 degree rule: this rule is all about where the audience is and what they can see. The line of vision is the limit on where the angles should be when filming because if you were to go past the line and record on the other side aswell it will confuse the audience and break the illusion of them knowing that it is just acting and that is just made up. Some film maker’s do break this rule but the way they do it can add a different positive effect to the story.
45 degree rule: It stops the angle changing to far and making it look more professional, adding a more realism approach for the viewers. So that the audience know where they are through out the film. Making the film more believable, to allow concentration.
Content: Dont allow objects to move places and make sure clothes are the same when changing angle cuts. So that it is consistent throughout to make it look like nothing has happened. A good editor makes sure that this is done properly.
Movement: Camera shot must stay following movement so it doesn’t look like it isn’t changing direction.
Position: Where everything is placed.
Sound: Sound carries different meaning if it is louder or quieter on camera shots. This can add the effect of power or weakness.
We then moved onto looking at premier pro, for our fairly legal work. We learnt the different windows and how to import different media into the windows on premier pro. On the key board we could use the keys J for rewinding K for pausing L for fast forwarding and space for playing.
I started to edit my Fairly legal footage, I wanted to use all the camera shots that we were given and make it so that you could see who was talking and to see there facial reactions. I also made sure that every 1-7 seconds that the angle had changed so it kept the viewers attention.
Fairly Legal so far:
With this I found that I was cutting to much and changing the angle to dramatically. I need to calm the footage down so that it had a better flow and that the audience know where they are viewing the scene so I doesn’t ruin the illusion.